LEV industry – convenient mobility for a greener world

23rd December, 2019

News type: Recent news


An ever-increasing rate of conversion from internal combustion engines to full electrical drives has already been witnessed in some areas of the industry. In 2018, approximately 62 percent of the sold forklift units were electrical.  When compared to gasoline or battery powered EVs, in some instances, LEVs cost less which makes them affordable and hence attractive to emerging markets, where a transition to electrified mobility is in progress (e.g. rickshaws into e-rickshaws, scooters into e-scooters). However, in most cases their price is still higher than that of gasoline powered versions, resulting in need for additional financial incentives to foster their widespread use.  Nevertheless, at the moment, the LEV market in units is six to ten times larger than the one for plug-in EVs. The ultimate benefits of LEVs, driving their adoption in the market, are reduced operating costs and zero-emission levels. Following the current mobility trends, in the near future, LEVs are expected to be highly integrated with automated vehicle technology, i.e. sensors. 

Due to an extremely simple configuration both their functioning and handling are easy to understand. They can be charged from the grid (e.g. power plugs in private homes) without necessarily requiring installation of a specific charging infrastructure. The intended users are those driving short distances at lower speed. Depending on the purpose of use there are variants with and without space for carry-on items. And most importantly, they fulfil the zero emissions mandate. 


For several more decades, most of the vehicles are still expected to be powered by internal combustion engines (ICEs). However, this doesn’t mean designing and building ICEs and the components that go into them is expected to be a growth business going forward. Many of the largest automakers and suppliers are already in the process of spinning off those business units or combining them with manufacturers that focus exclusively on electric propulsion.

Navigant Research’s report, Market Data: EV Market Forecasts, projects battery EVs to only account for a bit more than 15% of global light duty vehicle sales by 2030. But the shift to electric drive is probably irreversible and market share is anticipated to continue climbing into the future. Proposed regulatory changes could significantly accelerate that, such as a proposal from Denmark to have the European Union ban all ICEs by 2040.

In the meantime, the cost of creating compliant ICEs is increasing and meeting the greenhouse gas standards without some degree of electrification is becoming nearly impossible. With this in mind, more of the traditional auto industry players are likely to move to cordon off and separate parts of their business with a foreseeable end date while they can still extract some value from them. Once ICEs are side-lined, these players can focus ongoing efforts on developing better performing and lower cost electric propulsion and energy storage. 

The advantages of LEVs

  • Enhanced mobility in city areas
  • Emission-free operation
  • Simpler configuration for easy handling and maintenance
  • Reuse of the existing power grids and infrastructure
  • Affordable mobility solutions



GEM in-wheel drive represents an advanced propulsion system for urban electric vehicle applications, using innovative modular multiphase GEM technology. It is suitable for electric two, three and four-wheeler applications due to modular mounting options and different speed versions. Fully integrated drive operates in a low voltage regime with a simple air-cooling system. Patented modular design allows the development of a complete product range at the power level from 1 kW to 15 kW.

Find out more about GEM in-wheel drive portfolio.



Excellent system efficiency. Superior Performance and Quality. Safe and reliable electric drive. Advanced solution and smart design.

  • 20% increase of driving range
  • 20% reduced cost of the battery for the same driving range
  • 10% reduced battery consumption by standard regenerative braking
  • Low number of parts
  • Maximum reliability and increased redundancy due to several submotors operation in parallel
  • Space and cost saving
  • Different rim options possible (standard or integrated rim)
  • Easy mounting, fast and easy tyre changing on the wheel.
  • Up to 92% system efficiency from the battery to the wheel
  • Higher torque (>25%) and better acceleration
  • Unmatched & excellent climbing ability (>35%)
  • 90% less Minimized Electromagnetic emission EMI due to integrated controller



Low power LEVs are defined as electric vehicles with the power range from 1kW to 10 kW and the voltage classes between 24V and 72 V. Two- and three-wheelers are very popular in this category. They are mainly used for short distances, for transport of passengers or goods, such as e-scooters, e-bikes, e-rickshaws and other types of e-three-wheelers.

Tens of millions of electrified two-wheelers have already been sold worldwide, in contrast to the relatively small volumes of EVs. A fast transition to electric versions is observable especially in emerging Asian markets (e.g. India, Indonesia, Vietnam, etc.) with more than 200 million electrified two-wheelers already in use in China. In India, e-rickshaws are taking heavily polluted and congested cities by storm. These environmentally friendly vehicles are becoming increasingly popular in emerging markets’ crowded metropolises for their reduced noise pollution levels and high degree of mobility combined with convenience at much lower initial and operational costs compared to typical EVs.

When it comes to high volume production, the range and speed of low power LEV applications are distinguishing factors. No matter if customers work on designs with either top performance targets or rather concentrate on cost optimization, GEM motors is prepared to deliver the products they require. With best-in-class solutions for motor control, our customers may maximize levels of space and volume savings.



GEM motors offer customers a complete custom motor development – from an idea to the final state-of-the art electric motor, ready for production. Our services include:

  • Motor development and numerical simulation
  • Motor controller development HW and SW
  • Motor construction and design
  • Cooling design and simulation
  • Testing and validation
  • Prototype production and production scale-up preparation



GEM motors offer customers a complete electric vehicle propulsion development with batteries – from an idea to the final design, ready for small series production. Our services include:

  • Complete powertrain development with central control unit and electronic differential
  • Testing and validation
  • Prototype production and production scale-up preparation

Contact us for custom solutions.


Source: https://www.navigantresearch.com

Keywords: Light Electric Vehicle,mobility,emobility,electric,drives,e-drive,greener world